UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime)
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime has worked to fight against illicit drug trades, international crime, and terrorism since its creation in 1997. These three areas include many distinct and varied specializations that UNODC Member States attempt to resolve. The UNODC pursues its goals through three avenues: research and increasing understanding of issues, supporting local governments in fighting issues, and supporting the ratification of treaties regarding issues.
Topic 1: Prevention of recidivism
Topic 2: Trafficking of falsified medical products
Committee Directors: Yalın Akbıyık-Ayşe Karakuşoğlu-Selina Dur
Rapporteur: Ada Beler
HRC (Human Rights Council)
The Human Rights Council is an inter-governmental body within the United Nations system responsible for strengthening the promotion and protection of human rights around the globe and for addressing situations of human rights violations and make recommendations on them. It has the ability to discuss all thematic human rights issues and situations that require its attention throughout the year. It meets at the UN Office at Geneva.
The Council is made up of 47 United Nations Member States which are elected by the UN General Assembly. The Human Rights Council replaced the former United Nations Commission on Human Rights. It was established by the General Assembly on 15th March 2006 by resolution 60/251.
Topic 1: Preservation of Human Rights in Prisons
Topic 2: :The emergence of the situation in Palestine
Committee Directors: Mehmet Büyük-Arda Karaşoğlu- Yaren İlaslan
Rapporteur: Yağmur Aksoy
‘’ If international finance Jewry in and outside Europe should succeed in once again plunging the nations into a world war, then the result will not be the victory of Jewry, but rather the annihilation of the Jewish race in Europe!’’
Adolf Hitler, Reichstag speech (January 30, 1939)
“We shall go on to the end, we shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air, we shall defend our Island, whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender, and even if, which I do not for a moment believe, this Island or a large part of it were subjugated and starving, then our Empire beyond the seas, armed and guarded by the British Fleet, would carry on the struggle, until, in God's good time, the New World, with all its power and might, steps forth to the rescue and the liberation of the old.”
Winston Churchill, Speech in the House of Commons (June 4, 1940)
During the 1940s, the continent of war, Europe experienced its most atrocious and difficult times in the Second World War. This was the most widespread war in history involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. In a state of total war, the major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, erasing the distinction between civilian and military resources, and resulting in 50 million to 85 million fatalities by massacres, the deliberate genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombings, starvation, disease and the first use of nuclear weapons in history.
Topic: World War 2
Committee Directors: Oğulcan Bozdoğan-Kutay Doğru
Rapporteur: Alp Fındıkçıoğlu
(HistoricalUnited Nations Security Council)
The Security Council is one of the principal organs of the United Nations and tasked with maintaining international peace and security. It consists of 15 member states, where 10 serve a two year non-permanent term, while five, France, China, Russia, and United Kingdom, and the United States, serve as permanent members, all with veto power. The Security Council takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression. It calls upon the parties of a dispute to settle it by peaceful means and recommends methods of adjustment or terms of settlement. In some cases, the Security Council can resort to breaking off diplomatic ties and imposing sanctions or even authorize the use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security.
Topic 1: The threat of radiation status problems and the effects in Chernobyl
Topic 2: Cold War
Committee Directors: Dilay Keskin-Bahar Nur Yıldız
Ekrem Emir Parla
Rapporteur: İpek Bali
TBMM (TÜRKİYE BÜYÜK MİLLET MECLİSİ)
Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi (kısaca TBMM), 23 Nisan 1920'de Osmanlı Devleti'nin İtilaf Devletleri'nce işgali sırasında direniş gösteren Türk Milletinin oluşturduğu irade ile kurulan, (asli kurucu iktidar) ve yine bu iradenin sahibi olan Türk Milletinin anayasa ile verdiği yetki ile yasama görevi yapan Türkiye Cumhuriyeti anayasal devlet organıdır. "Egemenlik, kayıtsız şartsız Milletindir" ilkesi Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi'nin varoluşunun temel dayanağını oluşturur.
Anayasa'nın 6. maddesinde yer alan “Hiçbir kimse veya organ kaynağını Anayasa’dan almayan bir Devlet yetkisini kullanamaz.” ifadesiyle yasama organı olan TBMM'nin, kendisinin yasal dayanağı olan anayasanın bütününü veya temel ilkelerini reddederek yeni bir anayasa yapma yetkisi yoktur.
Millete ait egemenlik yetkilerinin kuvvetler ayrılığı prensibi ile verilmesinin, kuvvetler ayrımının, devlet organları arasında üstünlük sıralaması anlamına gelmeyip, belli Devlet yetki ve görevlerinin kullanılmasından ibaret ve bununla sınırlı medeni bir iş bölümü ve iş birliği olduğu ve üstünlüğün ancak Anayasa ve kanunlarda bulunduğu anlamına geldiği Anayasanın başlangıç bölümünde belirtilmiştir.
Anayasanın 108. maddesine göre, yasama yetkisi Türk Milleti adına Türkiye Büyük Millet Milletvekili genel seçimleri, beş yılda bir, serbest, eşit, tek dereceli, genel oy esaslarına göre, yargı organlarının genel yönetim ve denetimi altında yapılır. Seçilen milletvekili adayları, anayasaya bağlı kalacağına dair Türk milleti önünde namusu ve şerefi üzerine yemin ederek 5 yıllığına TBMM üyeliği (milletvekilliği) hakkı kazanırlar. TBMM üyeleri (milletvekilleri), yasama dokunulmazlığına sahiptir.
Komite Direktörleri: Ulaş Dalkıran-Melda Karataş-Samet Aba